Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Khulafa Ar-Rashidun
570 CE Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, born.
610 CE Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, receives first revelation at Mount Hira.
615 CE Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia. (First Hijrah to Abysinnia).
616 CE Hamza and Umar accept Islam. Second Hijrah to Abysinnia.
619 CE Sayyidna Khadija, Radi-Allahu anha, and Abu Talib die. Visit to Taif. Isra and Miraj.
621 CE First pledge at Aqaba.
622 CE Second pledge at Aqaba. Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, migrates to Madinah.
624 CE, 2 A.H Battle of Badr.
625 CE, 3 A.H Battle of Uhud.
627 CE, 5 A.H Battle of Trench.
628 CE, 6 A.H Hudaybiyah Treaty.
629 CE, 7 A.H Battle of Khaybar.
630 CE, 8 A.H Conquest of Makkah. Battle of Hunain.
631 CE, 9 A.H Battle of Tabuk. Year of Deputations.
632 CE, 10 A.H Farewell Pilgrimage. Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, dies. Election of Sayyidna Abu Bakr, Radi-Allahu anhu, as the Khalifah. Usamah leads expedition to Syria. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima, the Liar.
633 CE, 11 A.H Compilation of the Quran begins.
634 CE, 12 A.H Death of Sayyidna Abu Bakr, Radi-Allahu anhu. Sayyidna Umar, Radi-Allahu anhu, becomes Khalifah. Conquest of Damascus.
635 CE, 13 A.H Conquest of Madain.
636 CE, 14 A.H Conquest of Syria, Mesopotamia, and Palestine.
637 CE, 15 A.H Conquest of Egypt.
640 CE, 19 A.H Government starts minting Islamic coins.
644 CE, 23 A.H Martyrdom of Sayyidna Umar, Radi-Allahu anhu. Sayyidna Uthman, Radi-Allahu, anhu becomes Khalifah.
645 CE, 24 A.H Campaigns in North Africa. Conquest of the island of Cypress.
646 CE, 25 A.H Campaigns against the Byzantine.
647 CE, 26 A.H Naval battle of the Masts against the Byzantine. Persian Empire defeated.
648 CE, 27 A.H Rebellions against the rule of Sayyidna Uthman, Radi-Allahu anhu.
649 CE, 28 A.H Martyrdom of Sayyidna Uthman, Radi-Allahu anhu. Sayyidna Ali, Radi-Allahu anhu, becomes the Khalifah. Battle of the Camel.
650 CE, 29 A.H Sayyidna Ali, Radi-Allahu anhu, shifts the capital from Madina to Kufa. Battle of Siffin.
651 CE, 30 A.H Sayyidna Ali, Radi-Allahu anhu, recaptures Hijaz and Yemen from Muawiyah, Radi-Allahu anhu. Muawiyah, Radi-Allahu anhu, declares himself as the Khalifah at Damascus.
652 CE, 31 A.H Martyrdom of Sayyidna Ali, Radi-Allahu anhu. Muawiyah, Radi-Allahu anhu, becomes Khalifah.