First Azan For Jumu'ah

By Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Q.) Some people are now removing what is now commonly known as the first azan, which was introduced during the time of the Caliphs (rah) and are only calling the azan before the Khutba, because the first azan was not practiced by the Noble Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam.

Can you please confirm the status of the Azan introduced by the Caliph and its place in Shari'ah. Also can people just go and remove practices of Ijmaa of Sahabah with out consequences.

Is Ijmaa of Sahaba binding on the Ummah? Is the Azan practice as introduced by the Caliph fall under the Category of Ijmaa of Sahabah. Is the Salat still valid without this Azan? [Farid Ahmed Degia, Institute of Islamic Propagation & Thought]

A.) The first Azan given for Jumu'ah Salat ahead of the Azan given before Khutbah in front of the Khateeb was introduced by Sayyidna Uthman, Radi-Allahu anhu, due to people being engrossed in mundane activities and reaching the Masjid late thus missing the Wajib Khutbah. Thus another Azan was introduced in order to make them aware of the time for Jumu'ah and make necessary preparations to reach the Masjid in time to listen to the Waajib Khutbah. This was done in the presence of the Sahabah, Radi-Allahu anhum, and they (Sahabah) themselves practiced it.

Therefore, the ruling is categorized as Ijmaa-e-Sahaaba (consensus of the Sahabah) which is the strongest form of Ijmaa.

The ruling through Ijmaa is similar to a ruling proven from a verse of the Qur'an or Hadith Mutaawatir (Noorul Anwaar - Shaykh Ahmad). Just as one who denies any verse of the Qur'an or Hadith Mutawaatir will be declared a Kafir, similarly, to deny a ruling based on Ijmaa of the Sahabah will be Kufr. The second Azan is also similar to the Khilafat of Sayyidna Abu Bakr, Radi-Allahu anhu, established by Ijmaa of the Sahabah.

And Allah Taala Knows Best.